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Aggregated macro data
Macro or aggregated data are data about populations, groups, regions or countries. These are data that have been averaged, totalled or otherwise derived from the individual level data found in the survey datasets.


Beyond 20/20
Beyond 20/20 Web Data Server (WDS) is the piece of software used to disseminate international data (until Dec 2014) via a web browser. Has been replaced by UKDS.Stat -






ESDS International
ESDS International was a specialist data division of the UK's Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS). It provided free online access to a range of databanks from the IMF, World Bank and other intergovernmental organisations. It also helped users locate and acquire international survey datasets such as Eurobarometer. The service has now become part of the UK Data Service -

The Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS) was a national data service that came into operation in January 2003 as a jointly funded initiative sponsored by the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) and the Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC). It came to an end in Sept 2012, when it became part of the UK Data Service. The ESRC's vision for the UK Data Service is to integrate and expand several existing data services into a comprehensive national service structured to support researchers in academia, business, third sector and all levels of government.

European Central Bank
The ECB is the central bank for Europe's single currency, the euro. The ECB's main task is to maintain the euro's purchasing power and thus price stability in the euro area. The euro area comprises the European Union countries that have introduced the euro as their unit of national currency since 1999.

The Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) funds research and training in social and economic issues.

The European Social Survey (the ESS) is an academically-driven social survey designed to chart and explain the interaction between Europe's changing institutions and the attitudes, beliefs and behaviour patterns of its diverse populations.

Eurostat is a Directorate-General (DG) of the European Commission. Eurostat's key role is to supply statistics to other Directorate-Generals and supply the Commission and other European Institutions with data so they can define, implement and analyse Community policies.



The Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) is the specialised UN agency dealing with issues of food supply, security and hunger






The International Energy Agency (IEA) is a intergovernmental organization founded in 1974 in the wake of the oil crisis. The IEA was initially dedicated to co-ordinating measures in times of oil supply emergencies. It now acts as a energy policy advisor to its member states as well as an information source on statistics about the international energy markets.

Published monthly since 1948, International Financial Statistics (IFS) is the International Monetary Fund’s principal statistical publication and is the standard source for all aspects of international and domestic finance. It reports, for most countries, time series data on exchange rates, balance of payments, international liquidity, money and banking, interest rates, prices, production, international transactions, government accounts, national accounts and population.

Intergovernmental organisation. The World Bank, IMF, OECD and United Nations are all examples of IGOs

A specialist agency of the UN concerned with a broad spectrum of labour-related activities. The ILO sets international labour standards and produces a range of statistics on the labour market worldwide.

The International Monetary Fund is an international organization of 184 member countries. It was established to promote international monetary cooperation through a permanent institution which provides the machinery for consultation and collaboration on international monetary problems.


JISC's activities support education and research by promoting innovation in new technologies and by the central support of ICT services.







Micro data
Survey or micro data are individual level data, for example data about individual people. In a typical survey dataset, each row represents an individual person and each column an attribute such as age, gender or job-type.

Millennium Declaration
In September 2000, 147 heads of State and Government and 189 nations in total signed up to the United Nations Millennium Declaration (PDF 63KB) . The Declaration calls for halving by the year 2015, the number of people who live on less than one dollar a day.

Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)
As part of the United Nations Millennium Declaration, eight MDG Goals were defined in 2002, consisting of 18 Targets and 48 relevant indicators. These indicators were chosen by international and national statistical experts in order to measure progress on the commitments made in the year 2000 and cover the period 1990 – 2015 when the targets are expected to be met. The goals and targets are interrelated and should be seen as a whole.




The OECD (Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development) is a group of the world's thirty biggest market economies all market economies. Collectively its member countries account for about two thirds of the world's GDP


Purchasing power parity
PPP is the method of using the long-run equilibrium exchange rate of two currencies to equalize the currencies' purchasing power. It is based on the law of one price, the idea that, in an efficient market, identical goods must have only one price.


Quantitative international data




Survey data
Survey or micro data are individual level data, for example data about individual people. In a typical survey dataset, each row represents an individual person and each column an attribute such as age, gender or job-type




Founded in 1945, the United Nations (UN) is an international organization whose stated aims are to facilitate cooperation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress and human rights issues.




The World Development Indicators (WDI) is a major international databank produced by the World Bank. It contains statistical data for over 700 development indicators. The extensive collection of development data includes social, economic, financial, natural resources and environmental indicators covering the period 1960 - 2005 for over 200 countries and 18 country groups.

World Bank
The World Bank is an international governmental organisation that provides low-interest loans, interest-free credit and grants to developing countries for education, health, infrastructure, communications and other purposes.

The Bank aids countries in developing their statistical infrastructures and helps with the production of national governmental surveys such as household surveys.

The World bank produces several important, widely cited cross-country databanks. These include the World development Indicators, Government Development Finance and the Africa Development Indicators.

The World Bank are made up of two unique development institutions owned by 184 member countries: the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) and the International Development Association (IDA).